The Psychedelic Rainbow Mountain

The newest natural attraction on the “things to do” list in the Cusco, Peru region is the stunning Rainbow Mountain.Rainbow Mountain, Peruvian Andes, near Cusco,Topping out at 5,100 m (16,732 ft) the Mirador peak was only discovered a few years ago as it had been snow-covered year-round. With receding glaciers and snowmelts, the unusual and colourful Permian striations have become visible.

Scarcely a year has passed since this 7 km (one way) hike has been opened up to the public on a larger scale. A recently built road has made access to the mountain easier.

For centuries, the local indigenous people have scraped out an existence farming the land and herding sheep, Alpacas and Llamas.Cordillera Vilcanota valley, Peruvian Andes, Rainbow mountainWoman and horse of the Vilcanota Mountain Range, Peru, Rainbow MountainThe trek begins in the small village of Quesiuno at 4,326 m (14,189 ft), a remote hamlet about three hours south-east of Cusco known as the Cordillera Vilcanota mountain region.

At this altitude, the main challenge of this hike is to get enough oxygen into your lungs to keep walking the reasonably gentle grade up to the mountain top. The locals offer horseback rides to those who cannot make it on their own two feet.dsc_0882

Spectacular vistas surround the walk as you meander through a valley, passing Vicuñas herding communities and roaming herds of animals.Woman and child running in the Peruvian AndesHorse in Ausangate, Peruvian Andes, Rainbow MountainThe push up to the top is a demanding workout, and one has to stop every few steps to take a few deep breaths before continuing. Our guide recommended chewing Coca leaves (only available legally in Peru and Bolivia by the way) to give a little extra burst of energy to complete the climb.

The panoramic views from the top are well worth the effort. The naturally occurring bands of blue, red, ochre and turquoise in the sandstone are various mineral deposits that create the rainbow effect.Rainbow Mountain, Perudsc_0945dsc_0931

The Cordillera Vilcanota, snow-capped Ausangate mountain in the distance.

the Cordillera Vilcanota mountain range, Ausangate mountain in the distance

The descent is much less demanding, but it still requires continual attention to the path, fellow hikers, guides and horses (some having a late lunch) on the way down.DSC_0019.jpgBack at the village a Momma sheep and her kid give us a glance crossing their pasture as we walk back to the transport vans that will take us back to Cusco.dsc_0053If you are in the Cusco region make sure you make time for this demanding but rewarding trek.

14 thoughts on “The Psychedelic Rainbow Mountain

    • Alison, up until recently, Rainbow Mountain was a stop on a five day trek to Ausangate and visited by few. It has been opened up as a day trip from Cusco ( a long day that is) and had become quite popular. Glad we saw it before it becomes another Machu Picchu. -Gord

  1. Ginette and Gord, these pictures are so beautiful. I especially love the woman taking a rest on the side of the mountain with her horse.

  2. Unbelievable beauty hidden under the snow for so long! What an amazing way to see the world! You must feel like you are on another planet, so far removed from the petty politics of North America.

  3. That’s spectacular. The nearest I’ve seen is the Painted Hills in Oregon, except they don’t have the colorful locals, the barely there air, and the giant neighboring peaks.

  4. Rainbow Mountain looks sensational but I’m breathless just reading about your walk. Brings back memories of us gasping for air when we walked in the Cusco/Machu Picchu area in 2008. Cheers, Mark

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